Pistachio: Kacang yang Mempesona dan Mulut

Pistachio adalah pohon kecil asli Suriah, Pakistan, Yunani, Afghanistan, Turki, dan Iran yang menghasilkan kacang kuliner yang penting secara ekonomi. Itu adalah anggota dari genus Pistacia. Spesies yang berbeda dapat diisolasi satu sama lain berdasarkan distribusi geografis dan juga oleh kacang. Kacang ini berukuran lebih kecil, memiliki karakteristik rasa terpentin yang kuat dan cangkang yang lembut. Nama pistachio berasal dari kata Persia. Kacang pistachio modern Pistacia vera dibudidayakan untuk pertama kalinya di Asia Barat dan kemudian menjadi penghuni bagian Iran yang lebih dingin. Saat ini dibudidayakan untuk tujuan komersial di Australia, New Mexico dan California di mana ia diperkenalkan pada tahun 1854 sebagai pohon taman. Penghargaan untuk pekerjaan ini diberikan kepada David Fairchild dari Departemen Pertanian Amerika Serikat dari Cina ke California. Walter T. Swingle memperkenalkan pohon-pohon ini dari Suriah ke Niles pada tahun 1917.
Pistachio memiliki panjang 10 meter dan daun dengan daun menyirip berukuran panjang 10-20 sentimeter. Ini merupakan tanaman gurun yang mampu mentolerir salinitas tinggi. Tumbuh dengan baik di tanah yang diairi dengan baik dengan sekitar 3.000-4.000 ppm garam. Mereka dapat bertahan hidup dengan baik ketika suhu -10A�C di musim dingin hingga 40A�C di musim panas. Mereka membutuhkan hari-hari cerah dengan tanah yang dikeringkan dengan baik. Mereka kesulitan untuk bertahan hidup bila ditanam di daerah dengan kelembaban tinggi dan selama musim dingin ketika tanah mengandung terlalu banyak air dengan kondisi drainase yang buruk. Musim panas yang panjang sangat penting untuk pematangan buah. Tanaman ini dioecious dengan tanaman jantan dan betina terpisah. Bunganya apetalous, berkelamin tunggal dan muncul di malai. Buahnya adalah buah berbiji yang membungkus benih yang bisa dimakan. Biji adalah kacang kuliner tetapi bukan kacang sejati dari pengertian tumbuhan. Cangkang bijinya berwarna putih dan keras. Bijinya memiliki kulit ungu muda dan daging buah berwarna hijau muda dengan rasa yang khas. Warna cangkang berubah dari hijau menjadi merah atau kuning setelah pematangan. Proses ini disebut dehiscence. Setiap pohon menghasilkan sekitar 50 kg benih.
Pohon biasanya ditanam di kebun buah dan mencapai kematangan pada umur 7-10 tahun untuk digunakan untuk produksi komersial. Produksi puncak dicapai pada usia 20 tahun. Tanaman dipangkas secara rutin agar dapat melakukan pemanenan dengan cara yang lebih mudah. Satu jantan menghasilkan cukup serbuk sari untuk 8-10 betina bantalan kacang. Pohonnya rapuh dan rentan terhadap penyakit jamur seperti hawar pucuk. Kernel dikonsumsi secara utuh baik segar atau asin dan juga digunakan dalam pembuatan es krim. Orang Amerika menyiapkan salad pistachio di mana mereka menyiapkan puding pistachio kemudian menambahkan krim segar dan buah-buahan kalengan dan terkadang keju cottage dan bahkan marshmallow. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) pada Juli 2003 menyetujui bahwa kacang ini efektif melawan penyakit jantung. Sebuah penelitian yang dilakukan di Pennsylvania State University menunjukkan bahwa mereka menurunkan tingkat lipoprotein kepadatan rendah dan meningkatkan tingkat antioksidan dalam serum. Seperti anggota Anacardiaceae, mereka juga mengandung urushiol yang dapat menyebabkan reaksi alergi. Orang Cina adalah konsumen pistachio teratas di dunia yang mengonsumsi sekitar 80.000 ton setiap tahun diikuti oleh orang Amerika yang mengonsumsi 45.000 ton setiap tahun. Rusia dan India berikutnya.Kuliner kota Malang

Parmigiano Reggiano – Melampaui Spaghetti

Saya tidak tahu tentang Anda, tetapi ingatan masa kecil saya tentang keju parmesan masih sangat jelas. Saat itu hari Kamis, dan sudah diparut dalam silinder karton hijau. Itu ada di lemari es selama beberapa minggu sampai ibuku akhirnya membukanya dan membuat spageti. Tidak apa-apa, akui saja. Keju parmesan pertama Anda, juga seperti itu. Tapi saya, dan Amerika, telah dewasa. Kapal gourmet tidak lagi terbatas pada kota-kota terbesar sementara restoran Italia sekarang menyajikan hidangan daerah lainnya dan bukan hanya klasik. Karena kita terbiasa mencicipi hal-hal yang berbeda, hal-hal baru, dan membuat pilihan yang berbeda, inilah saatnya kita melihat lebih dekat pada Parmigiano Reggiano, sejenis keju yang jauh lebih muda dari keju parmesan.
Parmigiano Reggiano adalah keju berlemak sedang yang dibuat dari susu sapi yang sebagian skim dan tidak dipasteurisasi. Awalnya dibuat di zona terbatas pada provinsi Parma, Reggio-Emilia dan Modena, di antara bagian lain dari provinsi Mantua dan Bolognia di wilayah Italia Emilia-Romagna. Ini dibuat secara alami, dan tidak ada pengawet kimia atau aditif buatan yang digunakan. Dan seperti anggur berkualitas, ini adalah produk hidup, yang mampu menjadi dewasa dan berkembang dalam rasa.
Keju Parmigiano Reggiano adalah keju yang telah teruji oleh waktu, meskipun kompleks, namun tetap sempurna disajikan sendiri. Cukup hancurkan bongkahan kecil, buat kertas tipis berwarna perak atau potong menjadi irisan ukuran sekali gigit, dan Anda siap menyajikannya! Tetapi karena semua orang menyukainya, Anda juga dapat memasangkannya dengan daftar rasa lain yang tidak pernah berakhir yang akan menonjolkan rasa manis dan gigitannya.
Sebagai bagian penting dari diet pasca-olahraga atlet Italia, keju Parmigiano Reggiano juga merupakan sumber protein, kalsium, dan fosfor yang hebat, dan mengandung vitamin dan mineral lain seperti B12, tembaga, dan seng. Tetapi hal yang paling menarik tentang itu adalah cara pembukaannya yang tradisional, lebih tepat disebut “retak”, rodanya yang besar.
Jika Anda belum pernah melihatnya dibelah dan bertanya-tanya bagaimana pemotong ini dapat memotong irisan yang compang-camping dan terjal, Anda akan terkejut jika saya memberi tahu Anda bahwa irisan itu ada di sana dengan sengaja. Beberapa orang menganggap membobol roda Parmigiano Reggiano berusia 24 bulan seperti “membuka kebahagiaan”. Mengapa? Karena secara tradisional, membuka roda keju Parmigiano Reggiano menggunakan seperangkat alat resmi – lima jenis pisau yang berbeda – untuk memastikan bahwa struktur kristal internal dan tekstur yang rapuh dipertahankan dan dibiarkan utuh.
Dibuat dengan hati-hati oleh pengrajin, setiap roda Parmigiano Reggiano adalah ekspresi kepekaan dan penilaian yang tepat dari pembuat keju – pembuatnya memutuskan setiap tahap produksi dengan ujung jarinya. Lebih dari sekedar bahan pasta, Parmigiano Reggiano adalah produk dari usaha keras. Jadi jangan berhenti memarut. Dapatkan keju Parmigiano Reggiano hari ini!Kuliner enak Kota Malang

HVAC: What You Should Know Before You Begin

Little is more frustrating than requiring a working HVAC during the hottest summer and coldest winter. Learning about your HVAC system will help you choose the right person to repair it. Read on for advice on doing that.

If you struggle with your HVAC, try touring your home before calling a professional. Make a list of the temperatures in each room and whether they are hot or cold. Taking this step aids a contractor in figuring out what the problem is and how to repair it as quickly as possible.

What do you need done? Know this before calling a contractor. It is going to be hard to get a price estimate on the phone if the current system isn’t something they’ve seen. It’s even harder if you’re not able to explain what you’ve done. You need to know this before you begin.

Be careful when doing yard work that you do not get debris on or in your unit. Aim your grass cuttings in a direction away from your unit. This same tip applies when you are blowing fallen leaves around the yard. Grass and leaves pose a serious problem for the internal functioning of your unit.

Fall is a hard time on HVAC units. Cleaning your unit is very important for its effectiveness. Otherwise, the unit will have to work unnecessarily hard.

Lubricate your fan condenser if it has oil ports. You’ll find these ports are covered with a metal or rubber cap. Use SAE 20 oil that is lightweight and detergent free, and put ten drops or fewer into each one. Make sure not to overfill them.

When you are choosing a location for the outdoor compressor unit, it’s preferable to use a shaded area. When the unit sucks in cooler air, then less work is required to cool it further which in turn boosts the units efficiency.

Boost energy efficiency by putting your condenser unit in the shade. This will ensure cool air is sucked in, meaning less cooling must be done by the unit.

Consider getting a programmable thermostat for your AC. It may save you as much as 10 percent of your overall utility bill if you turn your thermostat down by 10-15 degrees for a portion of the day. Some programmable thermostats can even be controlled from a PC or other device.

Service your HVAC yearly. During the service check, the system motor will be inspected, the moving parts will be oiled and the freon levels will be checked This will keep you energy efficient and comfortable.

When you are away from home, adjust your thermostat to a money saving temperature. The house will only heat to certain level and a decent HVAC system can quickly cool this down once you are home. The unit will use a large amount of electricity to combat the heat during the day when the house is empty.

You may feel a bit overwhelmed when your system needs maintenance. Still, a little research goes a long way. …

Excellent Ideas On An Awe-inspiring Home Improvement Project

Many reasons exist for beginning home improvement projects. These projects range in difficulty from simple jobs that take five minutes to large additions that can take many months. No matter how big or small your project is, pre-planning can help you save money and make the project as much fun as it can be. If you keep reading, you will learn some helpful tips.

Build an interesting and unusual addition to your home for sophistication and class. Something like a built in book shelf for the library, or a wine cellar are great ideas. You and your guests will enjoy these touches, as may future potential buyers.

There are two tips that can make your ceiling look higher. Try painting stripes on the wall or you can just add a taller floor lamp. By putting this in a room, you will make an optical illusion in your home. It makes your eyes focus on following lines and makes the room look higher.

Consider putting in radiant heat tiles. These tiles give heat by using electricity and can be very breathtaking. At least these are easily installable if you carefully follow the directions. This makes it a project you can add on whether you are hiring someone or doing it yourself. You will be happy you did when you go into your bathroom on that first day of winter.

Insulate your home for your next project. Put weather-stripping onto all of your windows and doors. By lowering the air flow in and out of the home, you can lower an expensive power bill and keep your wallets heavy. These small measures will add up to big savings in the long run.

To keep heated or cooled air from leaking around your windows and doors, install sealant strips and draft excluders. You put draft stoppers under the door to keep air from getting in or out. There are also strips of sealant you can use for the same purpose. You can find these in hardware and home improvement stores.

A great way to save some money in the winter on heating is to put insulation in the attic. Because hot air inevitably rises, in the colder months poorly-insulated homes are letting huge amounts of heated air escape wastefully. You should be able to find quality insulation in most hardware stores and installing it yourself should not be too hard.

Take time to investigate the background of any company you wish to do business with to ensure that they are above-board. Look out for this major warning sign: any company that won’t provide you with a physical address should be avoided. This is the sign of a fly-by-night outfit, likely being run out of somebody’s truck. Select companies that have great reputations.

These ideas are only some of the available ways to enhance your home’s value and appeal. Be careful, home improvement is a hobby that could be addictive if done right. Using this advice can create an appetite for properly done home …

Interior Design Tips Tricks And Techniques For Any Home

Many people want to change the decor in their homes, but they don’t know where to start. With a bit of research, you can find lots of ways to help improve the look of your home. There are a lot of places like this article here that can guide you in the right direction, so take a look inside.

Good art pieces can go along way in interior design. You may not think so, but one good piece of artwork can take a room to an entirely new level. Paintings can also provide you a place to start on how to properly decorate with other items.

If you are looking to save costs when designing, mass merchants may have equivalents to the items you desire. Designer pieces are extremely expensive and are not worth the cost for most people. The only time to choose designer goods is if you can’t find what you’re looking for through any other avenue.

Light is so important to the look of a room. If your room lacks windows, try a light shade of paint to make the room less cave-like.

Get your creative juices flowing with framed pictures. Do not forget that they are a part of the design of a room too. They do not all need to be properly lined up with one another. You could hang them in planned patterns or at unusual angles. Try using your leftover white space to create interesting effects and change your rooms’ mood.

One of the most common complaints about rooms is that many are simply too small. Painting a small room with light colors can make the small space look bigger. Dark colors will make a small room appear smaller than it normally is.

Area rugs are good additions in any type of room. But, it’s crucial that the rug fits well into your room. Large rooms need large area rugs. You want large rooms to have larger rugs and small rooms to have smaller rugs.

Do not overdecorate your walls, a few items will work. Some individuals just own more things than others do. When you have lots of keepsakes and sentimental pieces, keep your walls simple and clean to enhance the appeal of these items. Anything else could make your home appear cluttered.

Slip covers are a great addition to homes with children and pets. Simple slip covers on your furniture will give you a wide variety of design choices and colors, while protecting fabrics from contact with young children or pets. You can even alternate different patterns as the seasons change.

As to the paint on your ceiling, keep the shade of it twice as bright as the walls. Failing to follow this scheme can lead to a claustrophobic feel. With brighter ceilings, you will feel as if the room is expanded and you can relax easier within.

Now you should feel a little more confident in designing your home’s interior. Use what you learned here to turn your house into …

Home Improvement On Your Mind? Tips That Will Help

It is a common misconception that home improvement tasks are beyond the reach of most individuals. With an open mind, this is not true at all. Details that can assist with your home improvement endeavors are provided in this article.

When you are doing a renovation, consider the investment. Will the renovation appeal to a buyer in the future? Buyers may not want to invest their money in your home if it is too individualized.

Always make sure to cover your furniture and floors when painting. This will keep any excess paint from damaging your carpet or floor. An inexpensive way to do this is to use old newspaper in layers. If you don’t have enough newspaper lying around, sheet plastic is really affordable, and paint cloths can be reused again and again.

Why settle on traditional tables for your living area when you can create something distinctive and creative? You can use an old chest as a coffee table, for instance. You can throw things in it as well. Throw books, accessories and magazines to accent your coffee table. If you would like a country look, add a tablecloth and perhaps some teacups.

Using the right tools will make a huge difference while you work on your home improvement task. This will help make sure the job is done right. Knowing how to use those tools is just as important as having the right tools.

You can make your home more valuable by adding a bathroom. A second bathroom, particularly if it is on a different floor from the first bathroom, is really helpful for family and guests. Inevitably, two people will need to use the restroom at the same time, after all.

To keep air from leaving through the doors, get some sealant strips and draft excluders. Draft excluders go under the door and keep air from going out or coming in. Sealant strips that are fitted around door frames will work in the same way. They can be found at any hardware store.

If you are thinking about replacing a lock, you should know that you can either replace the cylinder or the whole assembly. The cylinder, which contains the tumblers and accepts keys, is the critical piece of the lock. If you misplace your keys and you would like to get a new lock, you can replace the cylinder instead. On the other hand, if you want to improve the overall appearance and/or security of a door, you’ll want to change out the whole lock unit.

Before you make firm renovation plans, you should check out other homes and subdivisions. There, you can see how others have been using the newest colors and styles to decorate their homes. Model homes are decorated professionally with coordinated window treatments and furnishings, so you can get good ideas without a lot of experimentation in your own home.

Stop thinking that home improvement is more than you can handle. It is important to remain flexible when getting involved in repairs …

Read Some Easy Tips For HVAC Advice That Shouldn’t Be Missed

Everyone who owns an HVAC knows that maintenance is important. If you do not, you will face a lot of issues. This article has some great tips to get you started, so read on!

Before you call someone to help you fix your system, be sure to know what sort of system you have in place. Find out the brand and model and, if possible, dig out the maintenance history. This makes sure your contractor will be sufficiently prepared.

If the condenser for your HVAC system is located outside, make sure you clear away any debris that might settle in or around it. You don’t know the amount of stuff that can pile up right after heavy winds or a storm. It can also cause it to overheat.

Cover your unit when you are mowing the lawn. Shoot the grass away from the unit. If you’re blowing leaves, this same problem can occur, so make sure you move around the unit and blow the leaves away from it.

Fall is a hard time on HVAC units. When you notice your trees shedding, frequently clean your unit’s fan grill. The fan needs to have an unobstructed path for air to enter the unit, and if it becomes blocked, you will end up with many headaches with the unit.

Some fan condensers may contain oil parts, and if yours does, ensure it is lubricated at least once per year. These ports are often covered by a rubber or metal cap. Use SAE 20 oil that is lightweight and detergent free, and put ten drops or fewer into each one. Make sure not to overfill them.

Make sure you have your HVAC system checked at least twice a year. It’s best to have it checked before you turn it on for the summer and again for the winter. This type if preventative maintenance is highly necessary to ward off any expensive troubles from coming your way.

Install a programmable thermostat to save energy costs. Programmable thermostats can reduce your power HVAC energy costs by as much as ten percent, just by dialing back your thermostat ten or fifteen percent up to eight daily hours. This will save you a lot of money during the year.

Keep your air conditioner off when people aren’t home to save you money. You don’t need to keep the house cool if you aren’t there. If it’s left on all day, it will fight the heat all day, which uses quite a bit of electricity.

Do not allow your home to reach excessive levels of heat during the summer. Your average AC unit can only reduce the temperature in your home by about 20 degrees in a normal span of time. If you have your home at above 100 degrees then you can only get it to about 80 or above. Depending on what the humidity is, this may not be cool enough to be a safe temperature to sleep at when recovering from the harsh summer heat.…

Home Improvement Tips Made Easy

You can give yourself the home of your dreams with the right information and the right tools. The following article has tips and ideas that can help you improve your home. Use these tips to make your dream home a reality.

Make your home more energy efficient by putting weather stripping around your windows and doors. This is a cheap fix but can save you lots of money on heating and cooling costs for your home. Weather stripping will also prevent you from catching a chill from drafty windows.

Brand new furniture, even from department stores, can break the budget. You don’t have to buy brand new furniture to have new furniture. To revamp your space, check out thrift stores, garage sales, and consignment stores. You might find some hidden items that are special, like furniture. Some things require work, but by investing time, they can become an asset.

A new floor is a smart way to modernize any room. Many contractors can install new flooring in a day. Alternately, you could visit your local hardware store, pick up what you need, and do it yourself.

If you plan to lay new tile flooring, consider radiant heat tiles. This type of tile ties into your home’s electrical system to provide toasty heat, and they look great, too. Fortunately, radiant heat tiles can be easily installed at home without hiring a professional. You’ll be able to add this onto an existing project or do it on your own. The first time you enter your bathroom on a cold winter’s morning, you’ll be glad of it!

Use empty two-liter bottles as storage containers for your kitchen. You can use these to protect any dry goods like flour, sugar or corn meal. You can keep them on a shelf or in the freezer or refrigerator. When you need somethings, simply remove the cap to pour out the contents.

Ask for references before hiring anyone to make home improvements. Think about it like you are hiring an employee. You need to do a background check and make sure they are reliable.

When you are doing home improvements, people do not often think of the gutters or chimney. However, without regular inspections, you may not discover if there is an issue with how these items function. If your chimney is not cleaned regularly it may catch fire, and downspouts and gutters may become obstructed with debris, this can result in water damage when not addressed.

Always make sure your bathroom has sufficient lighting whenever you renovate it. The main focus for many people when remodeling bathrooms is fixtures, but the lighting needs just as much attention. Be sure to light your medicine chest/mirror well. Put good lighting on the ceiling in a fixture that is easy to disassemble for bulb replacement.

Because you are now armed with some excellent home renovation tips in the above article, you should now start gathering all the tools that you’ll need in order to begin. Reread this information if …

Look After Your Home With These Great Home Security Tips

If your home contains precious possessions, such as jewels, art or cash, don’t think only you know about it. Protect yourself and your valuables by educating yourself on home security. Review these ideas for making your home safer.

Social networking sites are great for keeping in touch, but post information sparingly. For example, you might avoid broadcasting when you are going out of town, especially if your friends list contains casual acquaintances. There may be a thief within this list and you would have been inviting him straight through your front door!

Ask your friends for advice before you choose a home security system or company. They probably have both positive and negative things to tell you, and those comments will help you make your own decision. Ask a few different people to help you make the best choice.

You should regularly check your home security system, regardless of how reliable you believe it is. Get a professional in to check it out. Wild animals or plain old nature can wreak havoc on your home security system. If you aren’t paying attention, you may not be aware of these problems.

Have lights that sense motion. When a person approaches your home, the lights will blaze. The lights will notify you of motion and also deter would be burglars. Get in the habit of checking and replacing the bulbs as necessary to ensure the lights remain effective.

Skylights could be a problem for the safety of your home. As nice as they look, they’re a prime target for thieves. Make sure your skylights have reliable, heavy duty hardware in place.

Don’t put your extra key under you doormat, in a planter, or in a cleverly disguised false rock. Though you might think that you’re giving yourself something you could use to get into your house when you’ve lost your keys, you’re actually inviting intruders inside your house. Thieves are aware of these hiding spots. Rather, give the key to a neighbor to hold.

Your flashlights should always be equipped with good, working batteries. Flashlights are key because they allow you to move around if an emergency should arise. Keep in mind that your family might be separated during a power outage, and make sure you children know where to find and how to use your flashlights.

Before you let anyone go into your home, look at their references thoroughly. A background check is also a good idea, so that you know what their criminal history looks like. You need to be very careful with the contractors, repairmen or maids you trust with being alone in your home.

If you want to make your house even more secure, a cheap way to do that is to buy outside lights with motion detectors. Motion detection lights will turn on as soon as something or someone enters your yard. Whenever you properly position these lights, they will make it almost impossible for burglars to sneak in.

Be prepared for the worst contingency when it …

Home Security Tips You Ought To Know About

If you’re a single female or mother that lives alone and you don’t feel like you can defend yourself physically, the topic of home security may be a large issue for you. Instead of feeling scared, there are things that you can do to feel much better. Keep reading to discover some really great home security tips and advice.

Do you have an outdoor dog? This is a good spot for keeping your spare key. Secure the key on the inside of the dog’s collar. Especially if your dog is not very friendly, this will help keep your key safe.

Social networking sites are great for keeping in touch, but post information sparingly. For example, you might avoid broadcasting when you are going out of town, especially if your friends list contains casual acquaintances. You may be very excited about your impending vacation, but there is no need to let potential burglars know when you will be gone.

If you live in a rural area, you may not be as concerned about home break-ins as people who live in the city. The risk is still there, so a home security system is vital. Others think that rural places have less of a chance of being targets for burglars.

Do you have skylights? If so, you should keep them in mind when protecting your home. Skylights are excellent for beauty and light, but it’s easy for burglars to gain access to your home through them. Be certain to have skylights that incorporate strong, durable hardware.

Conceal valuable spaces within your walls. This does not mean that you should make alterations to your walls. Many places around your house have areas that are already pre-cut. Consider unwiring an electrical socket that isn’t used and storing your valuable jewelry.

Don’t ever put your spare key under your doormat or in a planter. A key that is easily found is a convenience for a burglar, not just for you. For obvious reasons, experienced burglars know every possible hiding spot. Instead, have a trustworthy neighbor hold on to your spare key.

No matter how soon you plan to return home, you should lock your doors. Most break-ins and burglaries occur because a door is left open and an intruder just walks in. A thief can steal your most valuable possessions in a short amount of time.

Equipping each room in your house with a reliable flashlight (charged with good batteries, of course!) is an excellent safety investment. It is extremely important that you have flashlights because they allow you to move around easier in the dark, which is especially useful in an emergency. This can come in handy if someone has cut your power and is attempting to break in.

Securing your home and making it into a safe haven does not have to include expensive installations or impatiently waiting for a stranger to install a system. There are cheaper alternatives that can keep criminals at bay. Keep the tips you learned from this article …